An adductor strain is also referred to as a groin strain.
What is an adductor strain/tear?
An adductor strain or tear is quite a common condition that occurs when some or all of the adductor muscle is torn. Your adductor muscles are those on the inner part of your thigh and leg bones and play a role in stabilising your pelvis and moving your leg towards the middle of your body.
The severity of the tear can range from being partial or complete and can be categorised into 3 grades:
Grade 1: a small number of fibres are torn leading to some pain but allowing full function
Grade 2: a significant number of fibres are torn
Grade 3: all the muscle fibres are torn causing a large loss of function
What causes an adductor strain/tear?
An adductor strain frequently occurs due to a sudden contraction of the main inner thigh muscle (adductor longus) or as an overuse injury of that muscle.
Activities that may cause an adductor strain/tear include:
- Jumping up to catch a ball
- Running up a hill
- Landing after a jump
- Changing directions
What are the symptoms of an adductor strain/tear?
The symptoms you have will vary depending on the severity of the adductor strain/tear.
Common symptoms include:
Grade 1: a mild pain with mild or moderate limit to physical activity
Grade 2: Moderate pain with limited or prevented running and jumping
Grade 3: Pain doing nearly any activity and could include:
- Stabbing pain in the groin region
- Bruising and/or swelling that may develop a few days after the injury
- Upper leg strength loss during certain movements
- Muscle spasms
- Inability to bring leg across the front of your body or inwards
- Rare cases: muscle deformity
How is an adductor strain/tear diagnosed?
Your physiotherapist can carry out a full assessment to determine whether or not you have an adductor strain/tear. Other scans are not normally necessary.
What treatment can Farrell Physiotherapy offer for an adductor strain/tear?
Following your assessment, your physiotherapist will create an individual treatment plan based on your symptoms incorporating your lifestyle and goals. There are several different treatment options and your physiotherapist will choose the most appropriate treatment methods based on your symptoms and response to treatment.
Treatment can include:
- Ice or heat therapy
- Soft tissue massage
- Joint mobilisation
- Stretching exercises
- Strengthening exercises
- Muscle energy techniques
- Strapping or a compression bandage
- Biomechanical correction
- Sporting technique correction
- Anti-inflammatory advice
- Walking aid advice
- Graded return to sporting activity
Benefit of physiotherapy for an adductor strain/tear?
Physiotherapy following an adductor strain/tear is important to ensure you do not further injure yourself and that you make the best recovery you can in the shortest space of time. The particular benefits you feel from physiotherapy will depend on your symptoms and goals.
Benefits of physiotherapy include:
- Decreased pain
- Decreased swelling
- Accelerated healing
- Prevention of re-injury
- Increased range of movement
- Increased strength
- Safe return to sporting