Scoliosis is a very common deformity of the spine causing a bend in the spine.

What is Scoliosis?

Scoliosis comprises of two abnormalities of the spine: a rotation of the spine causing a twisting effect of the vertebral bodies and also a lateral curvature making the spine bend from side to side creating an ‘S’ shape. This spinal deformity can cause pain and fatigue however this is dependent on the degree of the curvature.

What causes Scoliosis?

There are several different ideas of what causes scoliosis including neuromuscular, genetic, hormonal or growth factors though often there are several factors contributing. The most common type of scoliosis is “idiopathic scoliosis” which means the cause of scoliosis is unknown.

Scoliosis can affect different age groups. “Idiopathic adolescent scoliosis” is the most common type of scoliosis.

Scoliosis may also result due to a problem in another part of the body such as a leg length discrepancy, where one leg is longer than the other which causes a curve in the spine, or muscle imbalance due to lots of one sided activities including carrying a heavy bag repeatedly on one shoulder or racket sports.

What are the symptoms of Scoliosis?

There are several symptoms of scoliosis including:

  • Asymmetric alignment of the body such as a raised hip or shoulder on one side
  • Dissimilar location or size of breasts in females
  • One prominent shoulder blade
  • A muscle mass that makes a ‘hump’ on one side of the body
  • Fatigue
  • Pain

The level of pain experienced due to the irregular shape of the spine can vary from being quite mild to severe and usually affects the area around the spine. Normally stiffness is also found in the neck and back.

How is Scoliosis diagnosed?

A qualified physiotherapist or doctor can confirm if you have scoliosis after carrying out an in-depth subjective history and objective assessment.

What treatment can Farrell Physiotherapy offer for Scoliosis?

Following assessment, your physiotherapist will create a tailored treatment programme to fit around your lifestyle and goals.

Treatment for scoliosis often includes:

  • Postural advice and management including adaptations. Mirror therapy is commonly used to increase your awareness of poor posture and correct it accordingly.
  • Strengthening exercises for shoulder and back muscles
  • Stretching exercises to improve flexibility and decrease pain
  • Ultrasound
  • Manipulation and mobilisations
  • Soft tissue massage
  • Ergonomic assessments

If your scoliosis is quite severe, bracing (particularly in children) or surgery may be indicated. Your physiotherapist at Farrell Physiotherapy will advise if this option needs exploring.

Benefit of physiotherapy for Scoliosis?

Physiotherapy at X clinic will assist with minimising the impact of scoliosis on your everyday life and can help strengthen the supporting muscles surrounding your spine and correct poor posture.

Physiotherapy helps to:

  • Decrease pain
  • Decrease stiffness
  • Increase muscle strength
  • Improve posture

Our aim is to get you to your best in the shortest space of time.

If you would like to book an assessment or enquire further, please call 01245 830280 or e-mail: