What is ultrasound?

Ultrasound is a type of therapy that uses ultrasound waves for therapeutic benefit. Ultrasound allows for the tissue beneath the skin to be stimulated using high frequency sound waves- these sound waves cannot be heard by humans.

The evidence for ultrasound varies and each person responds differently to treatment.

How is ultrasound used?

Ultrasound is applied using an applicator or transducer in direct contact with the patient’s skin. Gel reduces friction and helps with the transmission of the ultrasound waves.

What types of conditions can ultrasound treat?

There are many different conditions that ultrasound treatment can help with and any tissue that is injured can be treated with ultrasound. Ultrasound is often used alongside other physiotherapy treatment methods such as exercises.

Your physiotherapist will fully assess you to determine what is causing your symptoms and the best way to treat those symptoms. You will be provided with a tailored treatment programme which may include ultrasound.

Examples of conditions treated with ultrasound:

  • Muscle strains
  • Ligament strains
  • Joint inflammation
  • Tendonitis
  • Joint inflammation
  • Impingement syndrome
  • Plantar fasciitis
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Bursitis
  • Scar tissue adhesion
  • Oseteoarthritis
  • Facet irritation

What are the benefits of ultrasound?

There are 3 main benefits of ultrasound therapy:

  1. Accelerated healing due to the increase of blood flow into the area
  2. Reduced pain due to decreased oedema and swelling
  3. Gentle massage of muscles, ligaments and tendons as no strain is added, scar tissue may also be softened.

The benefits of ultrasound are due to non-thermal and thermal effects.

Thermal effects occur as the sound waves are absorbed and these include increased blood flow, increased cell metabolism, and increased extensibility of connective tissue.

When should ultrasound be avoided?

Ultrasound is generally a very safe treatment when used correctly however there are some circumstances where it shouldn’t be used.

  • Ultrasound shouldn’t be used in these circumstances:
  • Straight after injury
  • Deep vein thrombosis is suspected
  • Pacemaker

Or over:

  • Fractures
  • The cranium
  • Major nerves

Why Farrell Physiotherapy?

We pride ourselves on providing excellent patient care ensuring you are always at the centre of what we do. We are committed to continuous education and development to make sure we are up to date with the latest practices and therefore you can feel confident you are getting the best possible advice and care when coming to Farrell Physiotherapy

If you would like to find out more about ultrasound or any of our other treatments, or would like to book an assessment please call 01245 615 051 or e-mail: infofarrellphysiotherapy@gmail.com.